||This research paper reports on the findings of a literature review conducted to establish and analyse the international magnitude, context and effectiveness of nurse-led heart failure initiatives. The research revealed that the underlying philosophy in establishing nurse-led disease management programmes of care is that, by treating chronic heart failure as a continuum, it is possible to decrease exacerbations and improve patient outcomes. Regardless of the type of heart failure management programme, critical components of care include a collaborative supportive approach that educates and empowers the patient (including family/whanau) to recognise the early indicators of exacerbation, access expedient care, and to adhere to evidence based treatments. The author points to significant evidence to support the establishment of nurse-led heart failure programmes. The positive outcomes associated with this model of care delivery include decreased readmissions, reduction in mortality, and cost efficiencies. However, the organisational model of care, or programme components that are the most effective in optimising patient outcomes, need to be selected on the basis of local healthcare infrastructure, services and resources. The author suggests that New Zealand has a unique opportunity to encompass the recent emergence of the Nurse Practitioner role in facilitating, coordinating and monitoring of heart failure programmes across the continuum of care. The delivery of evidence-based, cost effective, heart failure programmes is a prerequisite to improving the delivery of optimal treatment and ensuring that heart failure patients have the opportunity to attain quality care outcomes.